APEX Brain Centers

Brain Injury

Take Brain Injury Survey

Traumatic Brain Injury, Concussions and the Brain

Brain injury - crash test dummy hitting car windshield

A Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) occurs when someone suffers a violent blow, bump or jolt to the head that damages the brain. Falls, sports injuries and motor vehicle accidents are three of the most frequent causes of TBI. No brain injuries are without their consequences and these injuries can cause mild, moderate or severe brain and body dysfunction, depending on the severity of the damage.

Concussions are the most common TBI. The effects of a concussion may seem mild in the short term, such as headache, dizziness or confusion; but if left untreated a concussion can cause long lasting physical, cognitive, social, psychological and behavioral problems including memory loss, vision problems, loss of balance, changes in mood and loss of focus and attention abilities. Even changes in vital functions such as blood pressure, heart rate, breathing and digestion are commonly reported. If you’ve been experiencing any of these brain injury symptoms, don’t wait any longer to seek help. Brain Training from APEX offers hope to anyone who has been suffering the effects of a concussion or other Traumatic Brain Injury.

Oculomotor Testing and Concussion

At APEX, brain injury recovery begins with a thorough history and examination. Oculomotor testing is one of the diagnostic methods we use to map out your road to brain trauma recovery. Eye problems are a very common result of concussion injuries including: blurry vision, light sensitivity, eye fatigue, inability to read and focus, and double vision. We can learn a great deal about your brain function by examining your eyes. The cranial nerves connect the brain to the eyes. These nerves are critical to both vision and eye movement. Problems with vision, eye reflexes and eye motor control can help us determine what parts of the brain suffered trauma during the concussion or other TBI. The eyes are also very heavily tied into your vestibular or balance system, and proper assessment and intervention with eye issues can dramatically improve symptoms of vertigo, dizziness and poor balance after a brain injury.

We perform a thorough eye exam with videonystagmography (VNG) to reveal the underlying causes of your TBI symptoms. We observe how your eyes move, how they respond to light, specific eye reflexes, and how well you can read a visual chart among other tests. We also look at the interior of your eye with an ophthalmoscope. These tests show us what parts of the brain require the most attention, and we can direct your Brain Training to focus on those specific areas.

The Brain Training Approach to Recovering from Head Trauma

Oculomotor testing is only one of the diagnostic methods we use to determine the effects of concussions on the brain. We also undertake a full neurological exam and learn your medical history. Other tests that will help us understand your needs and help you reach your goal of brain injury recovery include:

Once we understand which parts of your brain are causing your TBI symptoms, we design a Brain Training strategy that will help you see the most improvement. Brain exercises and interventions we use include:

Learn More about Brain Training for Concussions and TBI from APEX Brain Centers

If you have suffered a concussion or other Traumatic Brain Injury, help is available to get you back to where you were before the injury or perhaps even better. Our goal is to help you maximize your brain function and improve your quality of life.

APEX offers interventions that can and will help you as you journey along the road to recovery from brain trauma. Building Better Brains is what we do. Contact us to find out more about how Brain Training from APEX can help.

Take Brain Injury Survey

Dr. Michael S. Trayford is a Board Certified Chiropractic Neurologist and Neurofeedback Specialist with over 20 years of experience in the practice of advanced functional neurology. He is one of the most highly sought-after brain rehabilitation specialists because of the life-changing outcomes his patients consistently experience. After over a decade in private practice and working alongside other pioneers in the field, Dr. Trayford developed his multimodal intensive brain training and rehabilitation program built around the science of Neuroplasticity – the ability of the brain to learn and grow dependent upon the stimulation it receives from its environment. He later founded APEX Brain Centers to combine his ground-breaking rehabilitation approach with a unique patient and caretaker-centered care model. Under Dr. Trayford’s leadership, APEX Brain Centers has successfully treated thousands of patients and earned the reputation of a world-renowned brain training and rehabilitation practice. Since its inception, Dr. Trayford has been a leader of the Brain Training revolution treating patients worldwide. In addition, he is a published journal contributor and international lecturer. His experience with various patients of all ages and neurological conditions has given him a unique perspective on brain health and human performance. He is also well-versed in collaborating with other health care professionals, making him an invaluable asset to any care team. Dr. Trayford was awarded the Functional Neurologist of the Year distinction by the International Association of Functional Neurology and Rehabilitation, where he is a proud member and conference lecturer. Currently, he serves on the Advisory Council for the Dementia Society of America and the Board of Directors for the International Society for Neuroregulation and Research. He is also a servant leader who has dedicated his adult life to serving multiple communities through Rotary International and other notable causes. When he’s not treating patients, Dr. Trayford usually reads or researches anything related to the brain, human performance, and leadership. He also loves spending time outdoors with his wife Denise, their two daughters, and dogs in the beautiful mountains of western North Carolina. https://www.linkedin.com/in/drmichaeltrayford/

Find Out if Brain Rehabilitation Can Help


Get your questions answered and understand treatment options by one of our board-certified physicians with extensive functional neurology experience.

Consultations are free, 15-minute phone calls, scheduled Monday through Friday.

Recent Blog Posts

7 Ways to Heal From a Concussion

Brain Injury Awareness Month takes place in March each year, organized by the ...

Obesity and Disability: How to Lose Belly Fat if Disabled

The Obesity and Disability Connection Disability and obesity are often considered two separate ...

Belly Fat and Brain Function: The Surprising Link

Do you have trouble focusing at work? Do you feel like your brain ...

Brain Fog: What It Is and How to Overcome It

Brain Fog in a Nutshell Brain fog is a general term used to ...

The Connection Between Concussion and Mental Health Symptoms

According to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association ...

Functional neurology treatment for concussions

What is Functional Neurology and how can it help you recover from a ...
Posted in

7 Ways to Heal From a Concussion

Brain Injury Awareness Month takes place in March each year, organized by the Brain Injury Association of America. ...
disabled obese woman in wheelchair

Obesity and Disability: How to Lose Belly Fat if Disabled

The Obesity and Disability Connection Disability and obesity are often considered two separate issues, but they are actually ...
Woman Measuring Belly Fat

Belly Fat and Brain Function: The Surprising Link

Do you have trouble focusing at work? Do you feel like your brain just isn't as sharp as ...
See if APEX Can Help

Schedule a free, confidential consultation with one of our board-certified physicians.