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Reaping the Benefits: Functional Neurology’s Impact on Brain Health

Functional neurology is a rapidly growing field that seeks to improve brain health and overall cognitive function. It is a holistic approach that focuses on individualized care and natural interventions to optimize neural function, addressing issues such as brain injury, neurological disorders, emotional regulation, mental health, and peak performance. By harnessing the power of the brain’s natural ability to change and adapt, functional neurology can have a profound impact on one’s life and well-being.

The human brain is a complex and intricately connected organ, capable of adapting to circumstances and healing itself. Through the study and use of functional neurology techniques, this malleability can be utilized to improve cognitive and physical functions in individuals suffering from a range of neurological and emotional disorders. By addressing the brain’s structure and function at a cellular and network level, functional neurology can offer a unique pathway to healthier brain function and improved quality of life.

Functional Neurology for Brain Health: Key Takeaways

  • Functional neurology provides individualized, holistic approaches to optimize brain health and cognitive function.
  • Techniques in this field help improve the brain’s structure and function, benefiting those with various neurological and emotional disorders.
  • Prevention and overall brain health are important aspects of functional neurology, with potential long-term benefits.

Understanding Functional Neurology


Functional Neurology is built on the fundamental principle of neuroplasticity, the ability of the brain to change and adapt throughout a person’s life. This incredible feature allows neurons to form new connections, strengthen existing ones, or even break apart connections that are no longer useful. This process is crucial for learning, memory, and recovery from injury.

By harnessing the power of neuroplasticity, functional neurology aims to aid the brain in rewiring itself to overcome challenges or enhance overall cognitive function. This approach supports healthy neuroplasticity by providing the right stimulation and fuel for the nervous system to thrive.

Neural Networks

Our brains are made up of billions of neurons, which form complex networks responsible for transmitting information and controlling our thoughts, emotions, and actions. These neural networks are key to understanding how functional neurology can help improve brain health.

Functional neurology includes individualized assessments to evaluate the activity and communication among neural networks. By identifying areas of concern or imbalance, targeted interventions can be developed to enhance neural network performance, leading to improvement of cognitive capacities and overall brain and body health.

Functional vs. Traditional Neurology

The main difference between functional and traditional neurology is their respective approaches to treatment. While both disciplines study the nervous system and aim to address neurological conditions, functional neurology focuses on optimizing the nervous system’s function without relying solely on medication or invasive procedures.

Traditional neurology typically concentrates on diagnosing and treating conditions through the use of medications, surgeries, or other similar interventions. In contrast, functional neurology uses specific physical rehabilitation and physiological interventions, as well as lifestyle changes, to support brain health and improve issues related to neural network function.

There is promising evidence supporting the benefits of functional neurology in various clinical cases, ranging from debilitating diseases to performance enhancement in individuals without symptoms. Through targeted and personalized interventions, functional neurology provides an alternative or complementary approach to traditional neurology, contributing to enhanced brain health and overall well-being.

Brain Health and Cognitive Function

Brain health refers to the optimal functioning of the brain across various domains such as cognitive, sensory, social-emotional, behavioral, and motor. Maintaining good brain health allows individuals to realize their full potential throughout their lives, regardless of the presence or absence of disorders ^(1^). Cognitive function is an essential aspect of brain health, encompassing various mental abilities related to thinking, learning, problem-solving, and decision-making. This section will cover several key cognitive functions, including memory, attention, mood, cognition, language skills, and concentration.


Memory is a vital cognitive function that enables us to store, retain, and retrieve information. As we age, our memory can show signs of decline, affecting our ability to recall information or learn new skills. Maintaining good brain health can help prevent memory decline and improve our ability to encode, store, and retrieve information from our long-term and short-term memory.


The ability to focus our attention selectively on specific stimuli or tasks is crucial to managing and processing the vast amount of information we encounter daily. Good brain health involves developing and maintaining strong attentional skills to avoid getting easily distracted, overwhelmed, or fatigued by multiple stimuli or tasks simultaneously. Attention is directly linked to our ability to control emotional output or self-regulate.


Our emotional well-being is closely tied to brain health. Mood disorders, such as depression or anxiety, can negatively impact cognitive functions and overall brain health. A balanced, stable mood is important for maintaining overall cognitive function, and proper brain health can help reduce the risk of developing mood disorders or other mental health issues.


Cognition encompasses various mental processes, including perception, learning, memory, and decision-making. Maintaining good cognitive function is vital for our ability to think critically, solve problems, and adapt to new situations. Good brain health supports optimal cognitive function and helps prevent cognitive decline as we age.

Language Skills

The ability to understand, process, and produce language is a crucial cognitive function that depends on healthy brain functioning. Language skills involve various brain areas and networks responsible for processing verbal and written information. By maintaining good brain health, we can optimize our language abilities, allowing us to communicate effectively and understand complex ideas.


Concentration involves focusing our mental resources on a specific task or piece of information, blocking out distractions to achieve our goals. Brain health, particularly the functioning of the prefrontal cortex, plays a significant role in our ability to concentrate and maintain focus. Good brain health can improve concentration, making it easier to stay on task and complete activities more efficiently.

Maintaining good brain health and optimal cognitive function is crucial for ensuring our overall well-being and ability to navigate the complexities of daily life. By focusing on key areas such as memory, attention, mood, cognition, language skills, and concentration, we can work towards a healthier and more robust brain that supports us throughout our lives.

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Neurological Disorders and Functional Neurology

Functional neurology is an innovative approach to treating various neurological disorders by focusing on optimizing the brain’s function and neural pathways. At APEX Brain Centers, we combine cutting-edge therapies and assessments to address the root cause of neurological issues and help our clients achieve better brain health.

Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can result in a range of physical, cognitive, emotional, and metabolic symptoms. Functional neurology can help individuals recover from TBI by developing personalized rehabilitation programs that target their specific needs, using therapies like hyperbaric oxygen therapy, low-level laser therapy, and neurofeedback.


Dementia is a progressive decline in cognitive function, which often leads to memory loss and impairment in reasoning or judgment. Functional neurology can address dementia through targeted brain exercises, nutrition changes, and other interventions to improve cognitive function to slow down, or in some cases reverse, the progression of symptoms.


A stroke occurs when blood flow is interrupted to a part of the brain, resulting in brain tissue damage and potential cognitive or physical impairments. Functional neurology can aid in stroke recovery by creating customized rehabilitation programs, including hyperbaric oxygen and laser therapies, and neurofeedback, to help reorganize and strengthen the neural connections affected by the stroke.


Epilepsy is characterized by recurring seizures caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Functional neurology can help to identify and address the underlying causes of epilepsy, determine potential triggers, and develop targeted therapies such as neurofeedback or transcranial electromagnetic stimulation.

Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects movement, causing symptoms such as tremors, stiffness, and balance issues. Functional neurology can help improve the quality of life for individuals with Parkinson’s through targeted therapies that focus on restoring and strengthening the brain’s neural pathways.


Migraines are recurrent, severe headaches often accompanied by nausea and sensitivity to light and sound. Functional neurology can help to identify potential triggers for migraines and develop targeted interventions, such as brainstem neuromodulation, neurofeedback, and nutritional changes, to reduce the frequency and severity of these headaches.

Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that leads to memory loss and cognitive decline. Functional neurology may help to slow down the progression of Alzheimer’s by using a combination of brain training exercises, nutritional modifications, and other therapies such as low-level laser therapy to improve brain function and overall health.

Techniques for Improved Brain Health


Engaging in play has been shown to stimulate cognitive function, enhance problem-solving skills, and improve overall mental health. Incorporating play into your daily routine can lead to innovation and enhanced creativity. Some examples of play include board games, puzzle-solving activities, or even online games that challenge your thinking skills.

Stress Management

In order to maintain optimal brain health, it is important to manage stress effectively. High levels of stress can lead to cognitive decline and a negative impact on overall brain function. Some techniques for managing stress include:

  • Practicing yoga for relaxation and increased focus
  • Engaging in regular physical activity or exercise
  • Utilizing mindfulness practices to connect with the present moment

Physical Activity

Regular physical activity is essential for keeping your brain healthy and sharp. Exercise has been shown to promote the growth of new brain cells and improve overall cognitive function. Incorporate fitness routines into your daily schedule, such as jogging, swimming, or participating in group sports, to reap the benefits of a healthier brain.

Breathing Techniques

The simple act of controlled breathing can have profound effects on brain health. Practicing deep breathing techniques can help increase oxygen flow to the brain, reduce stress, and improve mental clarity. Some popular breathing methods include diaphragmatic breathing, alternate nostril breathing, and box breathing.

Meditation and Mindfulness

Meditation and mindfulness practices can help you develop greater self-awareness, foster a deeper connection with the present moment, and improve focus and concentration. Incorporating meditation or mindfulness techniques into your daily routine can be an effective way to enhance overall brain health.

Music Therapy

Listening to or playing music has numerous benefits for brain health, including stress reduction, improved memory, and enhanced focus. Engaging in music therapy or simply incorporating music into your leisure time activities can be a wonderful way to maintain a healthy brain.

Engaging in Hobbies

Pursuing personal interests and hobbies can have positive effects on overall brain health. Hobbies such as painting, writing, gardening, volunteering, or learning a new language can stimulate cognitive function, improve memory, and contribute to a more balanced and fulfilling life. Dedicate time to explore and engage in hobbies that bring joy and challenge your mind.

Functional Neurology for Emotional Regulation and Mental Health

Mental Health Disorders

Functional neurology is a promising field for addressing mental health disorders, with its focus on identifying and optimizing brain function. By understanding how the brain processes emotions, functional neurology can create targeted interventions to improve emotional regulation, often in conjunction with traditional psychotherapy.

For patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), research has shown that improved emotional regulation through functional neurology can result in reduced PTSD dissociative symptoms and other benefits. This is achieved by targeting specific parts of the brain responsible for emotional processing, such as the prefrontal cortex and the insula.


Depression is often linked with irregularities in brain function, particularly within mood-regulating brain regions. Functional neurology can help pinpoint abnormalities and develop tailored stimulation protocols to optimize brain function, aiding in depression management. This process not only allows for better mood regulation but can also lead to overall improved mental health, benefiting individuals struggling with depression.

Chronic Pain

Chronic pain often has both physical and emotional components, where pain signals can be amplified by abnormal brain activity. Functional neurology can be beneficial for individuals experiencing chronic pain by identifying the brain regions involved in pain perception and developing treatment plans to optimize neural functioning. Improvements in brain function can lead to better emotional regulation, which can help reduce the emotional distress associated with chronic pain and contribute to long-term pain management.

In summary, functional neurology has the potential to transform brain health by addressing various aspects of mental health, including mental health disorders, depression, and chronic pain. By focusing on optimizing brain function, functional neurology can provide a targeted approach for emotional regulation and improved mental well-being.

Prevention and Overall Brain Health


As we age, it is crucial to maintain and improve our brain health to preserve cognitive functions and reduce the risk of neurodegenerative diseases. By engaging in regular physical exercise, mental stimulation, and social activities, we can maintain and enhance our gray and white matter, which are essential for proper brain functioning.

Quality of Life

Maintaining good brain health is vital for our overall well-being and quality of life. A healthy brain can improve our reaction time, memory, and decision-making abilities. It enables us to fully engage in our daily activities, maintain social relationships, and accomplish our goals.

Healthy Diet

A well-balanced diet plays a significant role in promoting brain health. Consuming plenty of fruits, vegetables, healthy fats, and lean protein sources can provide essential nutrients to support brain function. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, and vitamins are particularly beneficial for the brain. Some examples of brain-boosting foods include:

  • Fatty fish (salmon, mackerel, sardines)
  • Berries
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Dark leafy greens

American Heart Association and American Stroke Association Guidelines

Following the guidelines set forth by the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association can contribute to overall brain health. These guidelines emphasize the importance of regular physical activity, stress management, and a healthy diet for maintaining cardiovascular health. Since the brain relies on a steady supply of oxygen and nutrients provided by the blood, keeping our cardiovascular system in good condition is essential for optimal brain function.

By incorporating these prevention strategies and prioritizing overall brain health, we can transform your life and reap the benefits of functional neurology.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the main benefits of functional neurology for overall brain health?

Functional neurology can lead to improved brain health by promoting neuroplasticity, the ability of the brain to change and adapt due to experience. This process helps the brain to reorganize, grow neural networks, and recover from damage. Regular engagement in functional neurology exercises can enhance cognitive function, memory, and overall mental wellness.

How does functional neurology enhance cognitive function?

Functional neurology focuses on exercises and therapies targeting specific regions of the brain responsible for diverse cognitive functions like attention, processing speed, and memory. By engaging these areas, functional neurology can lead to strengthened neural connections, enhanced brain function, and improved cognitive performance.

In what ways does exercise benefit the nervous system?

Exercise has been shown to promote the release of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a protein that supports the growth and survival of neurons. BDNF is critical to the process of neuroplasticity, helping the brain adapt to new information and experiences. Moreover, exercise can help reduce inflammation, increase blood flow to the brain, and alleviate stress—all factors that contribute to a healthy nervous system.

How can functional neurology help with neurological disorders?

Functional neurology incorporates targeted treatments and exercises designed to address the specific areas of the brain affected by certain neurological conditions. These personalized interventions can help improve symptoms and quality of life for individuals with disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, traumatic brain injuries, and learning disabilities.

What is the role of a functional neurologist in improving brain health?

A functional neurologist is a healthcare professional who focuses on the assessment and treatment of brain-related disorders from a non-invasive, holistic perspective. They utilize various diagnostic tools to evaluate brain function and create individualized treatment plans that target specific areas needing improvement. These plans often include a combination of exercises, therapies, and lifestyle changes aimed at optimizing brain health and function.

What are the long-term effects of incorporating functional neurology and exercise?

Incorporating functional neurology and exercise into your daily routine can lead to long-lasting benefits for brain health. These habits can help maintain cognitive function, slow age-related decline, and improve overall mental wellness. Furthermore, engaging in regular functional neurology exercises can contribute to resilience against future neurological issues and potential disorders.

Dr. Michael S. Trayford is a Board Certified Chiropractic Neurologist and Neurofeedback Specialist with over 20 years of experience in the practice of advanced functional neurology. He is one of the most highly sought-after brain rehabilitation specialists because of the life-changing outcomes his patients consistently experience. After over a decade in private practice and working alongside other pioneers in the field, Dr. Trayford developed his multimodal intensive brain training and rehabilitation program built around the science of Neuroplasticity – the ability of the brain to learn and grow dependent upon the stimulation it receives from its environment. He later founded APEX Brain Centers to combine his ground-breaking rehabilitation approach with a unique patient and caretaker-centered care model. Under Dr. Trayford’s leadership, APEX Brain Centers has successfully treated thousands of patients and earned the reputation of a world-renowned brain training and rehabilitation practice. Since its inception, Dr. Trayford has been a leader of the Brain Training revolution treating patients worldwide. In addition, he is a published journal contributor and international lecturer. His experience with various patients of all ages and neurological conditions has given him a unique perspective on brain health and human performance. He is also well-versed in collaborating with other health care professionals, making him an invaluable asset to any care team. Dr. Trayford was awarded the Functional Neurologist of the Year distinction by the International Association of Functional Neurology and Rehabilitation, where he is a proud member and conference lecturer. Currently, he serves on the Advisory Council for the Dementia Society of America and the Board of Directors for the International Society for Neuroregulation and Research. He is also a servant leader who has dedicated his adult life to serving multiple communities through Rotary International and other notable causes. When he’s not treating patients, Dr. Trayford usually reads or researches anything related to the brain, human performance, and leadership. He also loves spending time outdoors with his wife Denise, their two daughters, and dogs in the beautiful mountains of western North Carolina. https://www.linkedin.com/in/drmichaeltrayford/

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